A LITTLE HISTORY OF THE SPANISH MUSIC
Spanish music begins singing and knocking or percuting different objects. Adding pieces of skins to vessels, whistling on pipes or rubbing strings offer interesting effects. Painting on walls in caves prove it, specially in Mediterranean area.
Until 11th century our Peninsula cultivated a music written by pneumata. In spite of its
origin, it has been called mozarabic singing. It was performed during lithurgic ceremonies and it is yet difficult to be read in our days.
Also known as
: it was cultivated since 12th century in Catalonia, since Castille was jealous of its old ways. Gregorian singing -produced by Gregorius I's (540-604) reformations between 6th and 13th centuries- was performed by a single voice during the Mass.
Gregorian singing would be forgotten after
(12th and 13th centuries)- derived from
In Carlos 1st age there were composers as
Mateo Flecha "the Old"
(1481-ca.1549), author of
(Prague, 1581), a gener that combinates verses in different languages.
Music evolutions towards
: compositions for several choirs -exceptionally up to sixteen voices-. An outstanding
would break Renaissance sense of unity.
Presence of Borbon dinasty in Spain modified our music. It introduced
, instead of old
. Musicians of this age discuss the role of note
in octave and other questions.
This century begins with unfortunate
Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga
(Bilbao, 1806-1826). This precocious musician learnt in Paris. In 1819 he wrote
The Happy Slaves
, opera with a libretto by L. Comella, from wich we just keep the Oberture. In 1824 his
quartets for strings
Simphony in D minor
appeared in Paris.
This century opens with the foundation of a
in Madrid (1904), followed by that of Barcelone (1910).