FANCISCO JOSÉ
DE GOYA
(1746-1828)
 



La maja desnuda
Goya, La Maja Desnuda1797-98.
38.18" X 74.80".

 
  • Biography:
     
         Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes, consummately a Spanish artist whose multifarious paintings, drawings, and engravings reflected contemporary historical upheavals and influenced important 19th- and 20th-century painters. The series of etchings Los desastres de la guerra ("The Disasters of War", 1810-14) records the horrors of the Napoleonic invasion. For the bold technique of his paintings, the haunting satire of his etchings, and his belief that the artist's vision is more important than tradition, Goya is often called "the first of the moderns." His uncompromising portrayal of his times marks the beginning of 19th-century realism. He was born in Fuendetodos (Zaragoza), and was apprenticed to Jose Luzan and Francisco Bayeu, whose sister he later married. He went to Italy and upon returning to Spain, he painted frescoes for the local cathedral in Zaragoza, and painted carton (designs) for the royal tapestry factory in Madrid, mostly scenes of everyday life. At the same time, he became established as a portrait painter to the Spanish aristocracy.
     
         He was elected to the Royal Academy of San Fernando in 1780, named painter to the king in 1786, and court painter in 1789 ( was appointed first Spanish court painter in 1799).
     
         A serious illness in 1792 left Goya permanently deaf and he became increasingly occupied with the fantasies and inventions of his imagination and with critical and satirical observations of mankind. He evolved a bold, free new style close to caricature.
     
         In 1824, after the failure of an attempt to restore liberal government, Goya went into voluntary exile in Bordeaux (France), continuing to work until his death there in 1828.
     
  • Representative art of Goya:
     
    Francisco de Goya, The Second of May 1808 at the Puerta del Sol. 1814. Oil on canvas. 266 x 345 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Third of MayThe Execution of the Defenders of Madrid. 1814. Oil on canvas, 266 x 345 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid,
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, The Miracle of St. Anthony. 1798. Fresco. Detail of the decoration of the cupola of the Church of San Antonio de la Florida, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Bewitched Man 1798. Oil on canvas. National Gallery, London, UK.
    Francisco de Goya, Blind's Man Bluff 1788. Oil on canvas, 41 x 44 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, A Village Bullfight 1812-14. Oil on panel, 45 x 72 cm. Royal Academy of San Fernando, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Cardinal Luis Maria de Borbón y Vallabriga 1800. Oil on canvas, 214 x 136 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Charles IV and His Family 1800. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Circumcision Oil on plastering. Hermitage Aula Dei, near Saragossa, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Clothed Maja (La Maja Vestida) Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, Fight at the Cock Inn 1777. Oil on canvas, 41.9 x 67.3 cm. Private collection
    Francisco de Goya, The Colossus 1810-12. Oil on canvas, 116 x 105 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Death of the Picador 1794. Tin-plate, 43 x 32 cm. Private collection.
    Francisco de Goya, The Nude Maja (La Maja Desnuda) 1799-1800. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, Duke of Alba 1793. Oil on canvas, 195 x 126 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Equestrian Portrait of Dona Maria Teresa de Vallabriga 1783. Oil on canvas, 80 x 60 cm. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy.
    Francisco de Goya, The Esquilache Riots 1766-1767. Oil on canvas, 46 x 60 cm. Private collection.
    Francisco de Goya, The Family of the Duke of Osuna 1788. Oil on canvas, 225 x 174. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Count of Floridablanca and Goya 1783. Oil on canvas, 262 x 166 cm. Banco Urquijo, Madrid, Spain
    Francisco de Goya, The Smithy 1812-1816. Oil on canvas, 181.6 x 125 cm. The Frick Collection, New York, USA.
    Francisco de Goya, Manuel Godoy, Duke of Alcudia, "Prince of the Peace" 1801. Oil on canvas. Royal Academy of San Fernando, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, St. Gregory. 1797. Oil on canvas. Museo Romántico, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Holy Family 1775-1780. Oil on canvas, 200 x 148 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Injured Mason 1786-87. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos 1798. Oil on canvas, 205 x 133 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Kite 1778. Tapestry cartoon. 269 x 285 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Madhouse 1812-14. Oil on panel, 45 x 72 cm. Royal Academy of San Fernando, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Straw Manikin 1791-92. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, Maria Teresa de Borbón y Vallabriga 1783. Oil on canvas, 132.3 x 116.7 cm. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.
    Francisco de Goya, The Medow of San Isido on the Feast Day 1788. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, The Parasol 1777. Oil on canvas, 104 x 152 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
    With Comments
    Francisco de Goya, Prison Scene 1808-1812. Oil on wood, 31.5 x 40 cm.
    Francisco de Goya, Self-Portrait 1815. Oil on panel, 51 x 46 cm. Royal Academy of San Fernando, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Self-Portrait 1773. Oil on canvas, 58 x 44 cm. Private collection.
    Francisco de Goya, The Snowstorm 1786-87. Oil on canvas. Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, Summer 1786. Oil on canvas, 34 x 76 cm. Fundación Lazaro Galdiano, Madrid, Spain.
    Francisco de Goya, The Sacrifice to Vesta 1771. Oil on canvas, 32 x 24 cm. Private collection


    Written by:
    Beatriz Aragonés Escobar.
    Licentiate in Art History.


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