RUBENS
(1577-1640)
 


Rubens: Las Tres Gracias
Rubens, The three Graces
0,87 X 1,236 m, Prado museum, Madrid.

 
  • Biography:
     
          Peter Paul Rubens was born in Siegen, Germany, on 28th June 1577. He studied and worked in diverse art workshops of the then masters, until 1603 when he met and worked for Vincent Gonzaga.
     
          In March of 1603, Gonzago sent Rubens to Madrid to take the Spanish king a collection of works of art, this being his first encounter with the Spanish court.
     
          In 1609 he married Isabel Brant , who died in 1626.
     
          While he was married he produced a large number of works (the ceiling of the jesuit church in Amberes, canvases for the palace of Luxemburg).
     
           He later remarried Helene Farment.
     
          Rubens painted for the English and the Spanish courts, his last works being for King Philip IV. These were of a mythological nature, and were painted in the king's hunting pavilion.
     
           Rubens died on the 30th of May 1640 after a long battle with a disease wich limited his ability to paint during his later years.
     
  • Rubens´s pictures:
    The three Graces Rubens, The three Graces, 0,87 X 1,236 m., Prado museum, Madrid.
    With comments
    Adoration of the Magi Rubens, Adoration of the Magi, 1609, Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Dance of the Peasants Rubens, Dance of the Peasants, 1636-40, 0,73 x 1,06 m., Oil on wood, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Mercury and Argus Rubens, Mercury and Argus , 1,79 x 2,97 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    St James Apostle Rubens, St James Apostle, 1613, 1,08 x 0,84 m., Oil on panel, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Duke of Lerma Rubens, Duke of Lerma, 1603, 2,83 x 2,00 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    The combat between Saint George and the dragon Rubens, The combat between Saint George and the dragon, Oil on canvas, 3.04 x 2.56 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Marie de Médici Rubens, Marie de Médici, 1603, 2,83 x 2,00 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    The Holy Family with St Anne Rubens, The Holy Family with St Anne, 1628, 1,15 x 0,90 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Raising of the Cross Rubens, Diana y Calisto, Oil on canvas, 2,02 X 2,32 m., Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Tereus Confronted with the Head of his Son Itylus Rubens, Tereus Confronted with the Head of his Son Itylus, 1637, 1,95 x 2,67 m., Oil on panel, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Perseus Liberating Andromeda Rubens, Perseus Liberating Andromeda, 1640, 2,65 x 1,60 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Garden of Love Rubens, Garden of Love, 1633, 1,98 x 2,83 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    The Judgment of Paris Rubens, The Judgment of Paris, 1639, 1,99 x 3,79 m., Oil on panel, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Diana and her Nymphs Surprised by the Fauns Rubens, Diana and her Nymphs Surprised by the Fauns, 1639, 1,28 x 3,14 m., Oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.
    Adoration of the Magi Rubens, Adoration of the Magi, 1619, 2,45 x 3,25 m., Oil on canvas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon.
    Adoration of the Shepherds Rubens, Adoration of the Shepherds, 1608, St.-Pauluskerk, Antwerp.
    Assumption of the Virgin Rubens, Assumption of the Virgin, 1620, 4,58 x 2,97 m.,Oil on canvas, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
    Self-Portrait Rubens, Self-Portrait, 1628,Oil on canvas,Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
    Self-Portrait Rubens, Self-Portrait, 1629, Oil on canvas,Rubens House, Antwerp.
    The Consequences of War Rubens, The Consequences of War, 1629, 2,06 x 3,42 m. Oil on canvas, Palazzo Pitti, Florence.
    The Crucified Chris Rubens, The Crucified Christ, 1611, 2,19 x 1,22 m., Oil on canvas, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp.
    Christ on the Cross between the Two Thieves Rubens, Christ on the Cross between the Two Thieves, 1619, 4,29 x 3,11 m., Oil on canvas, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp.
    The Four Continents Rubens, The Four Continents, 1620, 2,09 x ,284 m., Oil on canvas, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
    Daniel in the Lion's Den Rubens, Daniel in the Lion's Den, 1615, 2,245 x 3,305 m., Oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington.
    The Deposition Rubens, The Deposition, 1602, Galleria Borghese, Rome.
    Raising of the Cross Rubens, Raising of the Cross, 1610, Oil on panel, 4,60 x 3,40 m. (central), 4,60 x 1,50 m (wings), Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp.
    Descent from the Cross Rubens, Descent from the Cross, 1610, Oil on panel, 4,21 x 3,11 m. (central), 4,21 x 1,53 m (wings), Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp.
    Portrait of Helena Fourment Rubens, Portrait of Helena Fourment, 1630, Oil on panel,,Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels.
    The Incredulity of St Thomas Rubens, The Incredulity of St Thomas, 1614, 1,43 x 1,23 m. (central), 1,46 x 0,55 m (wings), Oil on wood, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp.
    The Virgin and Child in a Garland of Flower Rubens, The Virgin and Child in a Garland of Flower, 1614, 0,835 x 0,65 m., Oil on canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris.
    Fall of the Rebel Angels Rubens, Fall of the Rebel Angels, 1620, 4,48 x 2,91 m., Oil on canvas, Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
    The Resurrection of Christ Rubens, The Resurrection of Christ, 4,21 x 3,11 m. (central), 4,21 x 1,53 m. (wings), Oil on panel, Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp.
    The Holy Family with the Basket Rubens, The Holy Family with the Basket, 1,69 x 1,28 m., Oil on panel, Picture Gallery, Potzdam-Sanssouci.
    The Three Crosses Rubens, The Three Crosses, 1620, Oil on canvas, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam.
    The Last Communion of St Francis Rubens, The Last Communion of St Francis, 1620, Oil on canvas, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam.
    Virgin and Child Rubens, Virgin and Child, 1604, Oil on panel, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Tours.
    Virgin and Child Rubens, Virgin and Child, 1604,1, 0,62 x 0,50 m., Oil on panel, St.-Niklaaskerk, Brussels.
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