City of Italica, at Santiponce, Seville.
Probably, the first city founded by Romans out of Italica Peninsula was devoted to it and bore its name.
After beating Carthaginians at battle of Ilipa Magna - Alcala del Río- imperator Publius Cornelius Scipio "the African" founded city of Italica on 206 b.C. It was conceived as a rest home for wounded soldiers and veterans home -vicus civium romanorum-. So, old city -vetus urbs- was created: a place where village of Santiponce would be elevated at 16th century. Therefore, the almost whole of buildings is now lost.
Fame that Baetic area would get for Roman world -from 1st and specially at 2nd century- was the result of improving of this region cities. It brought military and commercial security and introduced outstanding characters for Roman Empire.
This new city was endowed with wider streets and many porticated pavements. It was the result of being a honoured urbs, specially loved by Adrianus. Its rectangular areas, a consequence of perpendicular houses' intersections, made new rooms for houses and great buildings.
Public services for water drainings and gutters were also created. Remainings of water tanks -castellum aquae- and gutters have been preserved.
Great buildings on the Roman city of Italica are:
A great part of Roman remainings was lost when they were used as constructive elements for changing Guadalquivir river current at the time of wars between Visigothic kings Leovigildus and Hermenegildus.