City of Colonia Clunia Sulpicia, Coruna del Conde (Penalva de Castro, Burgos).
City of Clunia was founded by Tiberius on a new settlement since population was originally set in a different place. It was an Arevacan oppidum and later, a Roman city under Augustus Emperor. Scholars have proved that Arevacan village suffered several sieges -Pompeius, Metelus and Afranius- before being conquered.
Tiberius gave the village the honour of municipium and, as has been said, he gave it a new place: the top of a little hill called the "High of Castra". At Claudius age, it became the capital of a legal convent: it included a great part of Peninsular northern-center.
Most important historical deed was made by Galba. At year 68, he was Governor of Hispania and an enemy for Emperor Nero. Because of frequent revolts at the whole Empire, Galba found shelter at Clunia. There he knew that Nero was dead and Galba himself was created new Emperor by the Senate. The city that protected him received the honour of being called "Colonia Clunia Sulpicia".
The city's surface was about 120 has. though it is not easy to establish its limits, streets, existence of walls and many other elements because of difficulties in researchs and remainings found on excavations.
As a Roman city with a new plan, it shows the usual features and elements that have to fit to the land orography. They have survived in a good state. A Theater -one of the greatest in Hispania-, many houses, a comitium, and, of course, the termae are outstanding:
At its best age, this city could have lodged up to 50.000 inhabitants. The end of this city should have been about 5th century, though a small recession can be seen at 3rd century because of cruel spoilts and sackings of Barbaric tribes.