Splendid reconstructions of an Arevaquian -Celtiberian- house and of parts of the wall have been succesfully made:
- Celtiberian house: it has a rectangular plan and is divided into three rooms. The first one, close to the entry, was devoted to work: a mill for cereal, work of leather, textile industry... It was also endowed with a little basement comunicated through a little staircase and used as a cellar for "Caelia" or wheat beer. The second one is the main chamber: a living room with a fireplace. The third one is the larder, communicated with a little patio with a shelter for animals. Exterior façade shows a stone plinth. The wall is made of adobe with a wooden structure up to the floor. It is built with wood and rye straw.
- The wall, has a single structure. It is composed by two thin stone walls full with rubbish. At its top, an exterior adobe protective wall reinforced with wood, that let room enough for a small watching parade. One of the entry doors in a recent rebuilt shows two towers with a broken access in order to make difficult a direct entry.
|Door with towers in a Numantine wall. Press images to enlarge.|
- Roman city. As it has been already said, Roman city was built on the basements of the Celtiberian one. Its urban design was kept, since it showed a composition of crossed streets with a direction east-west in order to relieve the strong cool North wind. Services, streets, drainages and cisterns were improved. Many termae and new plan houses were also built.
|General view of researchings. Press images to enlarge.|
Following remainings are outstanding:
- Cisterns with and without stairs, in order to store water taken from a river or from rain.
- Streets with pavements and stepping stones. There were never gutters, so the way for rejecting water was throwing it directly to the streets. A slight slope made evacuating dirty waters. That is why stepping stones let people cross steets without problems.
- A very good rebuilt of a basic Roman house, elevated on the plan of an old arevacan construction. Exterior work is made of stone on a wooden structure. Cover is made with rye straw, similar to the old Celtiberian house. Access was done through a patio with a well and a furnace to a working room (mill and textile industry) and, then, to a kitchen. Now there are rooms for rest. At the end there is a store: a granary with a direct access to a farmyard and a stable.
- Porticated houses are placed at the southern side of the hill, getting so shelter from wind. These are the most important buildings in the Roman city. They had a plan with a shape of L, a porticated patio and two floors joined by a stone staircase.
- There are only drainages and basements -for the columns of a big porticated patio that would have been surrounded by several rooms- from a public building.
- It also remains a part of a caldarium -outlet for warm water- with its bath from small termae.
|Reconstruction of a Roman house||Porticated houses. Press images to enlarge.|