Ruins from outstanding temples remain today:
- Temple of Diana at Merida (Emerita-Augusta), Badajoz.BASIC INFORMATION
- Temple of Mars in Merida (Emerita-Augusta), Badajoz. Only some pieces remain from the old Temple of Mars because they were moved at 7th century and used for building a chapell called "Little Furnace of Saint Eulalia". On its actual lintel -probably the old architrave- is written the following text "MARTI SACRVM-VETTILA PACULI" -Devoted to Mars/Paculo's Vetila-.
Old and new location of the remainings
- Temple of La Cilla, at old Talavera la Vieja (Augustobriga), Caceres. Ruins remaining are moved, because the original place for them is now covered by the waters of Valdecanas swamp. It is a common mistake believing that the remains usually called "the marbles" are those of the Temple. "The marbles" belong to the portico of a Roman curial palace -for justice- and are the only remainings of this kind in the whole world.
The authentic one is called the Temple of Cilla because it was used as a granary from 16th century -cilla means granary- using its perimetral columns as pillars for it. There only remains a part of them. They have been located on a place close to it.
- Temple of Claudius Marcelus in Cordoba (Corduba). BASIC INFORMATION
Capitals of Temple of August
- Roman Temple Vic in Vic (Ausa), Barcelone. BASIC INFORMATION
- Roman Temple of August in Barcelone (Barcino). Only four columns remain from this Roman Temple. They are placed at the right superior angle. We also keep a part of the architrave, integrated in a later building. It was a Temple of 35 m. long and 17,5 m. wide. On a podium many columns were elevated. They occupied the whole perimeter -peripter-. Its portico in antis gets six columns on the frontal part -hexastile-. These are crowned by capitals of composed order.
It was a part of the whole of temples in the forum of the Roman city of Barcino and was devoted to Emperor August, whose statue presided the cella.
- Temple of Traian -Traianeum- in Santiponce (Seville).See plan It was devoted to the most famous son of the city, the divine Traian. The temple was placed at the upper area of the city on a square with a portico of exedrae around it. It has a rectangular plan, with a portico octastile -with eight columns-, and other columns around it: peripter. Built on a base podium, its entering was made through staircases placed on its main façade.
The presence of different religions in villages of occuppied lands made primitive "funeral Etrurian art" evolution to different forms of burials: columbarium -for cremating and putting in niches- little temples, monumental columns, pyramids...
Most outstanding remainings in Hispania are:
Mausoleum of the Atilia in Sadaba.
View of the façade and
detail of niches.
In the last years of Roman dominaton, from 4th century, Tarraco and other cities cannot offer important public services as the other towns. Great buildings are no more mended; even walls are often destroyed in order to make other constructions. Pagan temples are broken up or converted to Christianism: many crosses were put on their inner walls and façades.
As a good sample of a Roman building of the latest years stands out the unique Mausoleum of Centelles, that was at its origin a recreational villa.