A page of History
First part of Roman conquest of Hispania can be dated ca. 218 b.C., the year when Scipiones did arrive to Ampurias. This date can be marked for the beginning of the Ancient History. Roman conquest ended when Emperor August succeded in Cantabrian-astur wars (year 19 b.C.).
Indigenous and old colonists were integrated in Roman world: part of them in a violent way, but many others just attracted by the prestige of a superior civilization.
After many phases of "Romanization", Peninsula became one of the most important territories in "Roman world" as can be seen from the origin of many Emperors, like Adrianus and Traianus -both were born in Hispania- and philosophers as Seneca (Cordoba).
Invasions by "barbaric Goths", at the beginning of 5th Century, point to the end of Roman colonization in Peninsula.
Roman art in Peninsula can be divided in many phases: Republican one (510-30 b.C.), under August Emperor (30 b.C.-14 A.D.) and classic one (from year 14 A.D.).
Roman architecture does declare the functionalism and pragmatism of a spirit that departed from Rome inorder to conquer the whole known world. It is clear that Etruscan and Greek influences were the bases for ths architecture, but it was Roman personality the fact that gave them a different uniformity and monumental meaning.
Scholars point out to basic axes in Roman architecture:
The Pantheon of Rome shows the most part of these features. It is one of the most important buildings in History of Western architecture. Its state of preservation is, indeed, very satisfactory: even inner decoration remains. The diameter of its dome is more than 44 ms. -keeping the same highness-: it is the higher and bigger in Ancient World. Inner open space is surprising because of the light that comes through a big circular opening at its top. This construction joins, in a particular way, every craft, technique and aesthetic idea in Roman world. It would be the basis for great Renaissance architecture.
We can set many chapters in order to learn about Roman architecture in Spain:
Design of Roman castra must also be a subject for scholars. Castra were really movable urban centers. In fact, many cities were created as a result from "castra", since they were just reduced plans of a town.